Abstract (Le rôle des industries culturelles et créatives dans la gestion des frontières régionales et la mobilité transfrontalière en Afrique de l’Ouest : cas du Nollywood du Nigéria)

Nollywood’s economic clout has been recognized for more
than a decade. In 2013, Colleyn (2013: 2) said: « the nigerian video industry
now accounts for $290 million annually and some 300,000 people live

from it: Since 2005, Nollywood has become the world’s third-largest film
production center, after Hollywood and Bollywood. This article aims to
elucidate, on the basis of Nollywood, the impact of the film industry on
the Nigerian-Beninese border. And to achieve this goal, a sample of thirty
(30) informants is made up of ten (10) cinema professionals, ten (10)
cinephiles, ten (10) specialists in development, crisis management related
to the mobility of people and goods, based on the techniques and tools
that are: literature search (reading sheet), direct observation (observation
grid) and interviews (interview guide). Thus, of a qualitative nature, this
research was based on the interactionist analysis model of E. Goffman
(1968) and combined with the strategic analysis theory of M. Crozier and
E. Friedberg (1977) to analyze the different results obtained. Data
processing and retrieval techniques are processed manually and analyzed
by the thematic content analysis method. Overall, the results show that
Nollywood is one of the most widely used means to provide effective
solutions to problems related to mobility and cross-border crisis
management between Benin and Nigeria.
Keywords: Cultural and creative industries, Cross-border mobility,
security, Nollywood